The Digital Journalism Blog


Kristin’s Timeline

Posted in Uncategorized by com360bu on April 11, 2011

As soon as the viewer puts the mouse over the text/link of the artistic movement labeled in bold, a picture of a classic art piece representing that genre would appear in a textbox.

Impressionism: Claude Monet, Impression, Sunrise, 1872

Post-Impressionism: Georges Seurat, Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, 1884-1886

German Expressionism: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, The Red Tower, 1915

Fauvism: Henri Matisse, Woman With a Hat, 1905

Abstract Art: Kazimir Malevich, Black Square, 1913

Cubism: Pablo Picasso, Le Guitariste, 1910

Futurism: Umberto Boccioni, The City Rises, 1910

Constructivism: Vladimir Tatlin, Monument to the Third International, 1920

Suprematism: Kazimir Malevich, Suprematism (Supremus No. 58), 1916

Dada: Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1917

De Styjl: Theo van Doesburg, Arithmetische Composite, 1924

Surrealism: Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory, 1931

Abstract Expressionism: Jackson Pollock, No. 5, 1948

Pop Art: Andy Warhol, Campbell’s Soup Cans, 1962

Minimalism: Tony Smith, Free Ride, 1962

Op Art: Bridget Riley, Movement in Squares, 1961

Once the link/text of the artistic movement labeled was actually clicked on, a different textbox would appear, which briefly describes each artistic movement. Each box would have bullet points listing key characteristics of the art movements, and there would also be a relevant link at the bottom if the viewer wanted to go to another site for more information and examples.

Impressionism:

– Small, thin brush strokes

– Emphasis on lighting, feeling and movement rather than accuracy in depiction

– Focus on showing the sense and feel of an object or place rather than what it actually looks like

– Shows the “impression” of an object or place rather than fine, hard and definitive lines

Post-Impressionism:

– Developed from Impressionism

– Extended the Impressionist movement but rejected its limitations

– Vivid colors, thick paint, distinctive brush strokes

– Use of unnatural and arbitrary colors

– Emphasis on geometric shapes and forms to distort

German Expressionism:

– Use of purposefully distorted color, scale, shapes and space

– Distortion meant to describe artists’ feelings of the image depicted

– Dually symbolized and became a protest movement as well as artistic movement in response to the war

Fauvism:

– Use of strong, saturated and vivid colors

– Color emphasized over realistic representation

– Is viewed by some as a form of Expressionism

Abstract Art:

– Uses visual forms such as lines, forms and color to communicate

– Compositions meant to exist independently from any visual references in the world

– Depictions are a departure from reality, some more unrealistic than others

Cubism:

– Avant-garde movement

– Objects shown are broken up, analyzed and re-assembled in an abstract form to the artist’s preference or interpretation

– Meant to show objects in multiple viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context

Futurism:

– Slow to develop a distinctive style or subject matter

– At first, showed light and color broken down into a field of stipple dots and stripes

– Later influenced by Cubism

Constructivism:

– Industrial, angular approach

– Geometric abstraction

– At first, focused on three-dimensional constructions; later focused on designs in two-dimensions

– Often in the form of books or posters

Suprematism:

– Focused on fundamental geometric forms, particularly squares and circles

– Appears to be in a minimalist or abstract style in some works

Dada:

– Its purpose was to ridicule what Dada artists thought to be meaningless about the modern world

– A political and cultural movement in society as well as in art

– Anti-war, anti-bourgeois, anarchist

– Artists were also active politically; Dada activities included demonstrations, public gatherings, publication of art and literary journals, etc.

– Artworks were often political, cultural and opinionated in nature

De Stijl:

– Dutch artistic movement

– Advocated “pure” abstraction and universality using only the most basic and essential forms and colors

– Use simplified visual compositions in vertical and horizontal directions

– Only use primary colors with black and white

Surrealism:

– Feature an element of surprise and juxtaposition

– Artists regard their works as an expression of their philosophical movement rather than as artworks

– Developed out of Dada and activities during World War I

Abstract Expressionism:

– Rebellious, anarchic, idiosyncratic

– Emphasis on automatic, spontaneous or subconscious creation

Pop Art:

– Challenged tradition

– Mocked popular culture by showing that mass-production or a commodity could be considered fine art

– Removes a common material from its context and isolates it in order to contemplate it

Minimalism:

– Sometimes referred to as literalist art

– Influenced by composers John Cage, LaMonte Young and poet William Carlos Williams

– Features geometric and often cubic forms, equality of parts, repetition, neutral surfaces and industrial materials

– Not meant to be metaphorical

Op Art:

– Aka optical art

– Makes use of optical illusions

– Abstract works, many of them only in black and white

– Meant to show the interaction between illusion and picture plane, between understanding and seeing

– Viewer is supposed to see movement, hidden images, patterns, flashing, vibrations and more

 

– Kristin Muckerheide

Com 360 Digital Journalism

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